Dame Elisabeth Frink
'Water Buffalo I Standing' 1988 and 'Water Buffalo II Lying' 1987

This pair of bronze buffaloes was commissioned by HongKong Land in 1986 and they are currently displayed in the Forum outside the Landmark Building in Central Hong Kong. Over the years the high levels of humidity and pollution in Hong Kong had caused the surfaces of these sculptures to acquire a green and black streaky appearance caused by corrosive weathering.

Together with our fellow sculpture conservator colleagues from the company Two Sticks in New York we were asked to undertake a treatment to improve their condition as part of an overall refurbishment of the Forum area. They were removed from site and treated in a large warehouse facility in Kowloon so that they would be protected whilst the building work took place. The buffaloes were cleaned and the corrosion was treated before repatination was undertaken. They were then given several coats of wax to help give some protection from the Hong Kong climate. They had originally been displayed standing in water but it was agreed that they would be mounted on dry stone mounts within a fountain after treatment to improve their condition in future.

With thanks to: 

Roger Griffith of Two Sticks Inc. who collaborated with project management and treatment. 

Sherry Wong, Senior Procurement and Compliance manager, Hongkong Land Ltd. for all her help in organising this project. 

Sally Bowling, Christopher Moore and Reinhard Bek for assistance with treatment. 

Lixia Adamcova who provided translation and assistance. 

The Team at Gammon, Kowloon, for their help in handling and moving sculptures at the warehouse. 

Sculpture  conservation restoration  restoration cleaning and repair 


Dame Elisabeth Frink


'Water Buffalo I Standing' 1988 and 'Water Buffalo II Lying' 1987


Hongkong Land


Hong Kong